East Asia’s rapid urban growth

On 8 juni 2016, in bestuur, duurzaamheid, by Zef Hemel

Read in East Asia’s Changing Urban Landscape (2016) of the World Bank:

 

Should be front page news: with its 42 million inhabitants, Pearl River Delta is the largest city in the world, larger even than Tokyo. Urbanisation in East Asia in general is growing very fast. According to the World Bank the total urban population of the region increased from 579 million in 2000 to 778 million in 2010, an average annual growth rate of 3.0 percent. Much of this growth was driven by China, which has the largest urban population in the region (and the world), 477 million urban inhabitants in 2010, more than the urban population of the rest of the region combined. And more urbanisation is expected to come. The good news is: density in these Asian megacities is high, and it is increasing in general. Urban areas in East Asian cities are now 1,5 as dense as the average for the world’s urban areas, twice as dense as European cities, and even 50 times denser than (sub)urban areas in the USA. So these cities are far more sustainable than European and American cities.  “The pace, scale, and form of East Asia’s urbanization will have long-lasting effects on the region’s social, economic, and environmental future. As urbanization rapidly transforms the face of East Asia and the lives of its citizens, urban policy makers and planners have an important role to play in ensuring that urban expansion, and the economic growth it brings, is efficient, sustainable, and inclusive.” Sure.

The World Bank thinks metropolitan governance is key. Of course, the bank is right. But the chapter on governance in the report is rather one sided. The bank thinks consolidation is needed, with special bodies to provide specific services in these metropolitan areas. “Overcoming issues related to metropolitan fragmentation requires considering tradeoffs between localized and centralized administrative authority. Cities must adopt flexible approaches that adapt to urban growth and evolve to meet the changing needs of citizens.” Sounds great, but when it comes to giving examples the bank tends to prefer centralized authority, more than adaptation and flexibility. No examples of  bottom-up approaches, new forms of collaboration, open and inclusive planning, localized authority, building a civil society. Instead, annexation, and dissolving lower tiers of government is what the bank is promoting. We know these arrangements are no real help. We can do far better. This, I told my students last week. They were excited.

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Cellular App – Quartix Monitoring Blog

On 8 juni 2016, in Geen categorie, by Zef Hemel

There’s a fantastic chance of your own iPhones being jailbroken, to be able to utilize it as a way to spy on you. There are many tactics to speak to others in a popular and company feeling with most of the iphone. So What can make taking a look at someone’s texts therefore effective is the chance to discover so much about what somebody is up to in this kind of straightforward method. As we’ve seen in preceding discussions, the essence Controlapps of electronic text is recognized by linkage and within an fundamental manner.” Most dialects on world now exist in comparable states.

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Country in a Clusterclimax

On 5 juni 2016, in economie, innovatie, by Zef Hemel

Read in De Volkskrant of 28 May 2016:

Strange map in the Dutch newspaper De Volkskrant last week. Almost hilarious if not depressing. The map showed all the latest campusses in the Netherlands with their special brands: technopolis, bio science, healthcare, IT, geomatics, green chemistry, water, sensortechnology, energy, services, food, horti science, space, knowledge. The whole country has turned into a wide range of valleys. But the queer thing is that cities on the map are lacking. In ‘Every village a silicon valley’, journalist Remco Andersen confirms that specialists think this spatial and functional fragmentation is absurd and wrong. “The Netherlands are in a clusterclimax,” Miranda Ebbekink of Nijmegen University remarked. She thinks it is a race to the bottom. But the Dutch government, all the twelve provinces and the EU seem to encourage this fragmentation by subsidizing many new local initiatives. Every province wants to establish its own campuses, some even think two or three are needed. My guess is they all are trying to upgrade their vacant business parks. To no avail.

The map reveals how this country disregards agglomeration economies and how it doggedly misinterprets Michael Porter’s theory of clustering. The scale and complexity at which innovation happens is nearly totally neglected. Urbanization patterns play no role, local authorities think post-industrial innovation is a matter of putting some experts together in an office block in the outskirts of a provincial town, add an incubator and a restaurant and miracles will happen. They missed all notions of new forms of centrality. Porter: “The more that one thinks in terms of microeconomics, innovation, clusters, and integrating economic and social policy, the more the city-region emerges as an important unit.” (Porter, 2001)  The map in the newspaper shows no city-regions. In its Territorial Review of the Netherlands in 2014 the OECD pointed at the urgency to create a National Urban Policy Framework which is currently lacking in the Netherlands. Such a policy should improve economies of agglomeration and reduce fragmentation. That was two years ago. Since then, nothing has happened.

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Philadelphia Blues

On 3 juni 2016, in economie, by Zef Hemel

Read in NRC Handelsblad on 24 May 2016:

Pia de Jong is a Dutch columnist living in Princeton, New Jersey. Her weekly writings in NRC Handelsblad are on events happening in her personal and family life. Every Tuesday I read them. Last week she wrote about her recent visit to Philadelphia. I loved this one. Her subject was the SS United States. The old steamship, dating from 1952, is lying in the harbor of Philadelphia. Its owner, the SS United States Conservancy, wants to renovate it, hoping it will navigate and cross the oceans again. But its interior is full of PCB’s and asbestos, and its decorations and furniture are all gone. It will cost a fortune to bring the ship back in its old condition. And Philadelphia is a poor city in the Eastern Rust Belt region. So this huge boat lies there rusting already for more than two decades now. The US Conservancy announced in October 2015 that the ship would be sold to a scrapyard if there was no buyer. Will it be saved? De Jong ends her column by comparing the condition of the ship with the condition of the USA, and the owner of the SS United States with Donald Trump. Can they make America great again?

In Philly.com I read an article about a deal concerning the steamship that has been announced in February 2016. It was news nobody expected. The Los Angeles-based Crystal Cruises then signed an option agreement with the SS United States Conservancy that it would turn the old vessel into a luxury cruise ship. In 2018 passengers will be able to board the old Grand Lady again, designed by the famous naval architect William Francis Gibbs. The project’s cost is estimated at more than 700 million dollars, and a 600-person crew will run the vessel. In five months we shall know if the deal will result in further negotiations. It reminded me of another ship, lying the Rotterdam harbor, the SS Rotterdam. A local housing corporation had decided to renovate it. The renovation costed 230 million euro, so it ended as a scandal. And what about poor Philadelphia? According to Brookings Institution, Philadelphia economic growth is among the worst. In 2013 it ranked 250th for economic growth of the world’s 300 biggest metropolitan economies. Rotterdam ranked 292nd. That was after the crisis. Both cities didn’t recover. They better not invest in ships.

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Gas of Oregano

On 2 juni 2016, in Geen categorie, by Zef Hemel

Composing an appropriate cover for an essay which you have composed is not a really challenging undertaking whatsoever, but it’s the most disregarded. A suitable format is vital for the advancement of convincing article on any specific topic. The ideal / brilliantly part about writing an enlightening essay might be the big assortment of issues you are able to select from. Think of essay writing your own introduction for a guide of your own essay, or maybe for helpful tips. A good deal of planning ought to get into your composition before beginning composing it.

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Actions to Producing an Educational Research Proposal

On 1 juni 2016, in Geen categorie, by Zef Hemel

When you can, select a topic you’re enthusiastic about, since this will make writing the article a great deal easier. Ahead of the authorship of this sort of analytical essay, the author would divide the individual’s lifestyle in to distinct sections that are going to be highlighted in a sequential method. What they’ll select the writer’s creating together with the essay. It truly is an exceptionally important aspect of how you can actually write essays. There’s certainly zero plagiarism and completely free alterations if your student isn’t over the moon together with the last product.

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How to Write an Expository Essay

On 31 mei 2016, in Geen categorie, by Zef Hemel

You will find plenty of distinctive topics that one may utilize on paper process documents. This list deals with essay writing several the straightforward to compose essay subjects. A new, unique article matter, where you’re sure, you’ll be capable enough to assemble a great deal of advice, should to be selected. The matter needs to be special and focused. Composing an essay is straightforward, but it gets challenging when you should locate accessibility within the popular small-scale enterprise schools.

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Pact of Amsterdam as window dressing

On 31 mei 2016, in politiek, by Zef Hemel

Heard in the People’s Industry Palace in Amsterdam on 30 May 2016:

The EU is in a crisis. And it’s a big one. Something went wrong. Remember, for many years Europe has been a sex object in the world. These times are gone. What happened? Mr. Jan Zielonka, professor of European Policy and Society, gave a dark and gloomy lecture yesterday evening on the future of the EU in the temporary People’s Industry Palace in Amsterdam. The lecture was organized by the Amsterdam Economic Board in collaboration with the University of Amsterdam. That same day the EU had presented its Urban Agenda in the Scheepvaartmuseum in Amsterdam. So what happened? First there was the financial crisis, then the euro crisis, Greece not being able to pay its debts (and it will not either), next the internet revolution, it ended up with the refugee crisis; the whole Mediterranean is now turning into one big cemetery. So there is a crisis of cohesion in the EU, a crisis of trust, and, most important, a crisis of imagination. We don’t know how to fix the crisis. Mr. Junker is a ‘Spitzenkandidat’, a man we should have been happy with, his appointment the greatest triumph of democracy. How sad. We’re not even supposed to criticize.The only real new thing the EU came up with was the national referendum. So now the people in the Netherlands, in the UK, in Hungary can vote on matters of great complexity, with implications for the whole of the EU. How democratic is that? There is no plan-B. “Are we going to wait for Mrs. Le Pen and Mr. Wilders?”

The problem are the nationstates. Some have turned into protectorates, others look like semi-failed states, Germany behaves like an empire. They have become dysfunctional without noticing it. They’re working in a hierarchical way. And so is the whole of the EU, which is a creation of the member-states, with Berlin at the top. “We got more rules, but no governance. In this situation an Urban Agenda doesn’t help. The cities of Europe do not wait for the EU. Life goes on.” Mr. Zielonka pointed at the fact that we’re living in an economy and a society that have become more global and more networked, with powerful multinationals and megacities. Sure, we trust our leaders, but they don’t deliver. No, the situation doesn’t look very well. Mr. Zielonka believed that if you cannot push forward, you will have to step back. Brussels should disperse power. We need more horizontal structures. But this the nationstates will not do. So what happens if institutions become dysfunctional? There will be more ad hoc arrangements, people finding pragmatic solutions; this is probably the only way. What about the EU then? The EU should abolish the monopoly of the states on integration and stop working like an old propaganda machine; instead of territorial integration it should allow functional integration. And it should decentralize governance to a lower level. Back to the nationstates is no option. And just like the Lisbon Agenda, the Urban Agenda – this Pact of Amsterdam – is no more than window dressing.

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How to Employ Toulmin Research with Illustrations

On 27 mei 2016, in Geen categorie, by Zef Hemel

Today you obtain the delights of seeking to outsource expert services wherever your essays are involved. Timely delivery is however another top quality of the essay creating support. Consume the comprehensive analysis of five-star syllabus creating support within the company as well as make up your own mind. Think about the comprehensive breakdown of numberone syllabus writing service available and select for yourself.

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How to Compose an Expository Composition

On 26 mei 2016, in Geen categorie, by Zef Hemel

MBA documents assist heighten your career, plus our excellent, native British – talking writers help foster that composition! When you buy essay from professional writers. Write a really first-draft of each composition. ”Results achieved” should be an essential element of the INSEAD article. This essay should never exceed 400 words. Avoid using definitions to start your essay. This essay is later heading to be checked for quality and possible copying prior to getting your unique and top quality MBA essays.

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